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2024 Report to Congress on U.S. Data Center Energy Use

Arman Shehabi  (Energy/Environmental Policy Staff Scientist/Engineer, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory)

Sarah Smith  (Energy/Environmental Policy Research Scientist/Engineer, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory)

Location: Room 207A

Date: Thursday, April 18

Time: 10:10 am - 11:00 am

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Track: Sustainability Strategies, from Power to Recycling

Session Type: Conference Session

Vault Recording: TBD

Audience Level: All Audiences

The U.S. Energy Act of 2020 calls for the Department of Energy to update the 2016 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) study entitled "United States Data Center Energy Usage Report." During this session, we will present initial findings of this report and how they differ from the 2016 Energy Usage Report due to significant changes in the data center landscape. We will present assumptions around the rise of highly specialized hardware, artificial intelligence, and edge computing, as well as the rapidly growing data demand in an increasingly interconnected world. We will conclude the session by outlining the remaining data gaps in the analysis with questions for the audience to gather feedback on our modeling assumptions and data inputs.


  • Understand the methods used to model current and future U.S. data center energy estimates
  • Learn about emerging technologies and trends anticipated to change data center energy demand
  • Provide input for the upcoming Data Center Energy Usage Report to Congress